Law Enforcement Restraints
The restraint and control of prisoners is one of the most important aspects of officer safety for both law enforcement and corrections personnel. Prisoners who are improperly or inadequately restrained pose an immediate threat to the safety of the personnel responsible for their control and custody, and ultimately, to the safety of the general public.
To ensure that the metallic handcuffs used by law enforcement and corrections agencies are safe and reliable, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), through its Office of Law Enforcement Standards (OLES), developed a national voluntary minimum performance standard for metallic handcuffs (NIJ Standard-0307.01). This standard specifies requirements for user information, markings, workmanship, weight, dimensions, mechanical strength, salt spray corrosion resistance and cheek-plate tamper resistance.
Revision of Standard
NIJ is currently revising and updating NIJ Metallic Handcuffs Standard-0307.01. As such, NIJ organized a Special Technical Committee (STC) in October 2008 that is currently revising the standard. NIJ undertook this effort because the NIJ Standard for Metallic Handcuffs 0307.01 was published in March 1982. Since that time, new technologies and types of restraints have come into widespread use. Both of these issues need to be addressed in the NIJ standard because improperly or inadequately restrained detainees pose an immediate threat to criminal justice officers, the general public and themselves.
|Type||Number of uses||Key Type||Typical use|
|Type 1||1||Keyless||Mass arrest, detainment or evacuation|
|Type 2||Multiple (<20)||Standard||Mass arrest, detainment or evacuation|
|Type 3||Multiple (~1000)||Standard||Duty restraints|
|Type 4||Multiple (~1000)||Non-standard||For use on high-risk individuals|
Draft NIJ Restraints Standard - 0307.02
March 1, 2010