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In This Issue: December 20, 2018
 
NLECTC Spotlight

Note to our readers: Wishing you happy and safe holidays. This is the last news summary for 2018. The next news summary will be published on Jan. 10, 2019.


Draft NIJ Firearms Standards Available for Public Comment

NIJ has made two draft standards, NIJ Standard 0112.03 (Revision A), Autoloading Pistols for Police Officers and Patrol Rifles for Police Officers, available for public comment. You can find more information and links to the draft documents at https://www.nij.gov/topics/technology/standards-testing/pages/comment.aspx. The comment period remains open through March 19, 2019. Follow the links in the respective Federal Register Notices to submit comments.

New NIJ Journal Article: Using Artificial Intelligence to Address Criminal Justice Needs

Artificial intelligence applications can be found in many aspects of our lives, and even public safety and criminal justice benefit from AI. For example, traffic safety systems identify violations and enforce the rules of the road, and crime forecasts allow for more efficient allocation of policing resources. AI is also helping to identify the potential for an individual under criminal justice supervision to reoffend.

Research supported by NIJ is helping to lead the way in applying AI to address criminal justice needs, such as identifying individuals and their actions in videos relating to criminal activity or public safety, DNA analysis, gunshot detection and crime forecasting. Read a new NIJ Journal article on the subject at https://www.nij.gov/journals/280/Pages/using-artificial-intelligence-to-address-criminal-justice-needs.aspx.


NIJ-funded Research: Risk Factors in Adolescence May Help Predict Dating Violence

A recent NIJ-funded study found that young adults with a history of maltreatment and foster care placement are at significant risk for dating violence perpetration and victimization. Researchers recruited 215 young adults who had previously been enrolled in a program for maltreated youth and obtained baseline pre-adolescent risk factors from various sources. The youth were re-interviewed through mid-adolescence and again in young adulthood. Researchers found that the majority of participants who were victims of maltreatment as adolescents had perpetrated or been victimized by dating violence in the previous year.

Given the strong association between adolescent and young adult risk factors in predicting dating violence, targeting certain processes during the adolescent and young adult years may be particularly useful for implementing intervention and prevention strategies. Learn more at https://nij.gov/topics/crime/intimate-partner-violence/Pages/risk-factors-in-adolescence-may-help-predict-dating-violence.aspx.


Register to Attend "Protecting Against Stress & Trauma: Research Lessons for Law Enforcement"

On Jan. 25, 2019, from 10 a.m. to noon ET, NIJ will host the next Research for the Real World seminar to bring together a panel of law enforcement practitioners and leading researchers in the field of stress and trauma. Panelists will discuss the current research evidence and practical benefits of targeted stress management interventions, and how to promote officer mental wellness. The panelists will also explore what additional research is needed to best support officer health and wellness, potentially highlighting priority areas for future research.

Panelists include:

  • John Violanti, Ph.D., State University of New York at Buffalo
  • Maj. Wendy Stiver, Dayton (Ohio) Police Department and NIJ Law Enforcement Advancing Data and Science scholar
  • Sgt. (Ret.) Christopher J. A. Scallon, Norfolk (Va.) Police Department
  • Dan Grupe, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison

Register to attend in person, to live-stream virtually or to be notified when the panel recording is available at https://nij.gov/events/Pages/research-real-world.aspx.


NIJ Releases "LEADS Scholar Spotlight - American Society of Evidence-Based Policing"

Joshua Young, a retired corporal from the Ventura (Calif.) Police Department and Class of 2015 Scholar of NIJ's Law Enforcement Advancing Data and Science Program, discusses the American Society of Evidence-Based Policing, which encourages the use of data and research to inform policing, in a new NIJ video. He also talks about a randomized control trial he conducted on body-worn cameras and the support he has received from the LEADS program. Watch the video at https://nij.gov/multimedia/Pages/video-leads-scholar-spotlight-american-society-of-evidence-based-policing.aspx.


Information Available on New Restraints Testing Program

NIJ has published a Federal Register Notice on a new private-sector restraints testing program. NIJ has transitioned certification of criminal justice restraints from an NIJ program to private sector organizations. The NIJ list of approved restraints is no longer available. You can read the Notice at https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2018/08/15/2018-17467/recognizing-private-sector-certification-programs-for-criminal-justice-restraints.

 
Federal Funding Opportunities:

For a list of all NIJ funding opportunities, go to: https://www.nij.gov/funding/Pages/current.aspx

For a list of all OJP funding opportunities, go to: https://ojp.gov/funding/Explore
/CurrentFundingOpportunities.htm

NIJ Research Assistantship Program (RAP), applications are now being accepted. Deadline to submit your application packet is January 25, 2019.
Federal Funding Webinars:

Nothing available at this time

Federal Funding Resources:

OJP Funding Resource Center: Find current opportunities, solicitation requirements, forms and worksheets, and post-award instructions to help as you apply for and manage OJP awards.

DOJ Program Plan: See summary details of the funding opportunities each DOJ grant-making component is expecting to release or has released in the current fiscal year.

DOJ Grants Financial Guide: Learn about the laws, rules and regulations that affect the financial and administrative management of an OJP award.

 
Criminal Justice Technology in the News

Law Enforcement News

Lubbock Police Launch Crisis Intervention Team Aimed at Responding in Mental Health Situations
LubbockOnline.com, (12/11/2018), Erica Pauda
The Lubbock (Texas) Police Department recently launched a Crisis Intervention Team consisting of officers who are all state-certified mental health peace officers. The team includes two full-time officers and 30 to 40 others who have received the certified training and can respond as needed. The trained officers know how to identify mental health conditions, how to respond to situations involving mental illness and de-escalate as needed, and will refer people in mental health crises to needed services.
Link to Article

Boise Police Offering Free Spanish Class to Officers, Staff
Idaho Press, (12/11/2018), Nicole Foy
In collaboration with Boise State University, some 50 civilian staff members and officers from the Boise Police Department will take a free 10-week Spanish course to improve outreach to the local Hispanic population. The department's Hispanic community liaison said the goal is to reduce use of a translation service in favor of officers with language skills.
Link to Article

Why Police In Prince George's County Are Being Trained With Improv
WAMU, (12/13/2018), Meg Anderson
At Prince George's Community College in Maryland, a training team is using improv to teach members of the county's police department strategies for better handling calls involving individuals with disabilities. A new Maryland law requires officers to be trained in this area, and the Prince George's program features improv and includes individuals with disabilities on the training team.
Link to Article

New School Resource Officers in Lincoln Receive Behavioral Health Training Tailored to Youth
Lincoln Journal-Star, (12/13/2018), Riley Nelson
School resource officers stationed at middle schools in Lincoln, Neb., recently participated in a local training program to help them distinguish between dangerous behavior and signs of mental illness. The first-ever training partnered police officers, school administrators and mental health care experts, and a had goal of teaching officers about how these types of behaviors in children differ from the way that adults would behave.
Link to Article

First-aid Kit Donations to Benefit First Responders
Herald-Dispatch.com, (12/15/2018), David E. Malloy
A community group in Lawrence County, W.Va., recently donated 55 personal first-aid kits to the local sheriff's office. The kits, worn on an officer's utility belt, contain protective gloves, tourniquets and blood-clotting agents, and can be used to stop bleeding until an EMS crew arrives at an incident scene.
Link to Article

New Training Program Aims to Make Police-Citizen Interactions Safer
KHOU 11, (12/11/2017), Adam Bennett
Crime Stoppers Houston and the Houston Health Department recently began holding training sessions for the Houston-Harris County Peacekeepers Movement, which teaches both citizens and law enforcement officers about how to act during traffic stops, individual rights and responsibilities, and how to submit a compliment or complaint. The program's goal is for those who take the training to become trainers themselves, passing the knowledge on to other officers and community members.
Link to Article

Will Portland's New Unarmed Officers Fix Police Bureau Woes?
Portland Mercury, (12/20/2018), Alex Zielinski
The city of Portland, Ore., will hire 12 Public Safety Support Specialists starting in January to respond to low-level, non-emergency crimes. The PS3s will carry only pepper spray and will help with property damage automobile accidents, assist in looking for missing persons and attend community meetings, among other activities.
Link to Article

Corrections News

50 Nevada Inmates Get a Chance to Share ‘Christmas' With Family
Rio Lancale, (12/14/2018), Las Vegas Review-Journal
Thanks to a joint effort by Hope for Prisoners, the Nevada Department of Corrections and 90.5 FM SOS Radio, 50 prisoners from Casa Grande Traditional Housing in the southwest Las Vegas Valley got a chance to spend "Christmas" with their families in a simulated living room setting – complete with a tree – at the nearby Crossing Church. Started by an ex-inmate, the project has a goal of strengthening family ties to help prevent recidivism.
Link to Article

Algorithm to Reform Criminal Sentencing in Pa. Faces Deluge of Criticism
WITF, (12/13/2018), Aaron Moselle
A proposed algorithm to predict recidivism based on a person's age, gender, prior convictions and other pieces of criminal history is drawing criticism. Pennsylvania legislation to implement such an algorithm was enacted nearly 10 years ago, but in spite of numerous tweaks, the commonwealth has yet to actually begin using the tool. Protestors are calling for a rollback of the legislation.
Link to Article

Almost Half of U.S. Adults Have Seen a Family Member Jailed, Study Shows
Washington Post, (12/06/2018), Rachel Weiner
A recently released Cornell University study shows that almost half of all American adults have seen a family member imprisoned for at least one night; one in seven have had a relative jailed for a year; and one in 34, for at least 10 years. Among minorities and low-income individuals, the proportions are higher.
Link to Article

CMPD Arrest Individual Charged With Armed Robbery Spree
WBTV, (12/12/2018)
In Charlotte, a man has been charged with two counts of armed robbery, two counts of conspiracy to commit armed robbery, felony breaking and entering, kidnapping and four counts of false imprisonment in conjunction with two recent incidents. He was wearing an electronic monitoring device, which placed him in the vicinity of both.
Link to Article

Labeling ex-Prisoners High Risk Is Rare and Complex Process
Rapid City Journal, (12/16/2018), Arielle Zionts
In 2011, the South Dakota Department of Corrections began notifying citizens about the pending release of any prisoner deemed high-risk to commit another crime. The review process was spurred by the murder of a woman by a prisoner who had just been released two days prior; the state has since termed 10 inmates to be high risk and one to be high profile.
Link to Article

Mental Health, Substance Use Treatment on Their Way for Tucson's Low-level Offenders
Tucson.com, (12/16/2018), Caitlin Schmidt for the Arizona Star
In Pima County, Ariz., the county attorney's office will use nearly $3 million in federal grant money to start a misdemeanor problem-solving court to provide mental health and substance use treatment, and additional services to high-risk/high-need defendants. The program will also provide housing and transportation assistance, help in finding employment or enrolling for government benefits, court supervision, peer mentoring and other evidence-based interventions.
Link to Article

The State Knew He'd Turn Violent Without Meds. So Did He. But Was Anybody Checking?
KPVI, (12/16/2018), Audrey Dutton and Ruth Brown for the Idaho Statesman
This article takes an in-depth look at the circumstances involving one paroled individual who became violent when he failed to take his medication, using it to highlight some of the weak spots in Idaho's provision of mental health services for current and former inmates.
Link to Article

Bad Connections: Cellphones in Ohio Prisons Enable Drug Deals, Gang Activity, Identity Theft
Cleveland.com, (12/16/2018), John Caniglia for the Plain Dealer
In Ohio, the number of cellphones confiscated inside correctional institutions has nearly doubled since 2013, records show, and the amount of other contraband, such as drugs and alcohol, continues to go up as well. This article takes an in-depth look at ways that inmates set out to beat the system, methods of interdiction and the damage that cellphones can cause.
Link to Article

 
Upcoming Events

For additional information regarding Law Enforcement, Corrections and Courts events go to:
https://www.justnet.org/calendar/calendar.html

  • 31st Annual Crimes Against Children Conference, Dallas Children's Advocacy Center and the Dallas Police Department, August 12-15, 2019, Sheraton Hotel Dallas, Dallas, TX. For information go to: http://www.cacconference.org/ or contact: conference@dcac.org

For additional information regarding School Safety events go to:
https://schoolsafetyinfo.org/news/news-index.html (calendar events listed on the right hand side of the page).

 
New Publications

Time Served in State Prison, 2016,
Bureau of Justice Statistics,
http://www.bjs.gov/

An In-depth Examination of Batterer Intervention and Alternative Treatment Approaches for Domestic Violence Offenders,
National Institute of Justice,
https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/252265.pdf

Pre-Extraction Separation of Mixed Source DNA Samples through Micromanipulation and Direct PCR Short Tandem Repeat Typing of Cells,
National Institute of Justice,
https://nij.gov/publications/pages/publication-detail.aspx?ncjnumber=251802

Rapid and Selective Extraction of Male DNA from Rape Kits and Other Forensic Evidence Using Pressure Cycling,
National Institute of Justice,
https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/251801.pdf

Journal Articles on NIJ-funded Research
"Quantitative Analysis of Novel Synthetic Opioids, Morphine, and Buprenorphine in Oral Fluid by LC-MS/MS,"
Journal of Analytical Toxicology,
https://academic.oup.com/jat/article-abstract/42/8/554/5145123

"School and Family Factors Predicting Adolescent Cognition Regarding Bystander Intervention in Response to Bullying and Victim Retaliation,"
Journal of Youth and Adolescence,
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10964-018-0941-3

"Toward Locard's Exchange Principle: Recent Developments in Forensic Trace Evidence Analysis,"
Analytical Chemistry,
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.analchem.8b0470

Characterizing Microbial Assemblages as Trace Evidence as Following Residential Burglaries,
National Institute of Justice,
https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/252474.pdf


 
 
 
 

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The JUSTNETNews Mailing List is maintained by the Justice Technology Information Center, a component of the National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center System, supported by Cooperative Agreement 2014-IJ-CX-K404 awarded by the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice (NIJ). Regular postings to JUSTNETNews include abstracted news articles on law enforcement and corrections technology topics, upcoming NLECTC and NIJ events, NLECTC services and activities, new publications, and other technology-related announcements. Please note that providing information on law enforcement and corrections technology or the mention of specific manufacturers or products does not constitute the endorsement of the U.S. Department of Justice or its component parts.

The National Institute of Justice is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Assistance; the Bureau of Justice Statistics; the Office for Victims of Crime; the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; and the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking (SMART).